Abu Nasr Muhammad al- Farabi was a famous Muslim scientist and philosopher from the Islamic Golden Age. His birth of place is disputed as some accounts indicate that he was born in modern-day Afghanistan or Kazakhstan while others say that he was of a Persian or Turkish origin. Born in 878 AD and died in 950 AD, it is generally a well established fact that he moved to Baghdad later in his life and it is there where he did most of his scientific and philosophical work. Baghdad was a center of the Muslim world at that time and was the center of education and wealth in the whole world
Whence in Baghdad, Al-Farabi’s genius and brilliance began to shine as he mastered various languages and developed mastery in several scientific fields. He has various contributions in science, mathematics, sociology, medicine and music but his biggest accomplishments were in the field of philosophy and logic and it is for his philosophies that he is remembered unto this day.
Al-Farabi studied music and wrote a book titled Kitab-al-Musiqa in which he studied the theory of Persian music. He discussed the philosophies of music and its effects on the soul and thus its use in therapy.
Al-Farabi did some research on the concept of vacuum in Physics. He found that the volume of air expands to fill a larger container and deduced that the concept of a perfect vacuum was logically not consistent.
Al-Farabi is known as “The Second Father” due to his accomplished philosophical theories- The First Father being Aristotle.